The Wannsee Conference House (Haus der Wannsee Konferenz) was the location of a historically important meeting between senior government officials of Nazi Germany. The officials met in a villa by the Wannsee lake for the purpose of discussing “the final solution to the Jewish question”. The “final solution” was the Nazi’s code name for the genocide of all European Jews. Read More
Gleis 17 (English: Track 17) at Grunewald Station was the place where over 50,000 Berlin Jews were forced into railcars then sent to ghettos or concentration camps during World War II. Almost all of the Jews that were deported from Berlin were eventually killed by the Nazis. Read More
The Reichstag building was constructed to house the parliament of the German Empire. It was opened in 1894 and used until 1933, when under unknown circumstances, it was severely damaged by fire. During the Battle of Berlin, Russian soldiers fought to take the Reichstag because of the cultural significance of the building. Read more
Flak Towers of Berlin
The Flak towers were huge fortified structures that survived the war, some only to be partially or completely removed afterwards. The primary role of these towers was as a gun platform which protected Berlin from Allied bomber raids. There were several Flak towers in Berlin, one each at the Berliner Zoo, Friedrichshain, Humboldthain.
Sachenhausen was a concentration camp used during World War II to hold political prisoners and other “enemies” of the Nazi regime. It was in use from 1936 until the end of the third Reich in May 1945. The grounds are now open to the public as a museum and reminder of the atrocities committed by the Nazis. Read More
The Führerbunker was the place Hitler and other high ranking Nazi officials worked at the end of World War II as the Russians were closing in on them. This location is also the place where Adolf Hitler and wife Eva committed suicide. After the war, the still-standing bunker was demolished. Today, the site of the bunker is a parking lot and only a solitary sign notes the significance of what took place there. Read More
The Olympic Stadium was built between 1934 and 1936 by the Nazi government for propaganda purposes. Today visitors can walk the grounds and see vestiges from World War II. This includes the large olympic Bell, which has a partially obscured swastika.
The Moltke Bridge is a bridge over the Spree River in Mitte. The bridge saw intense fighting during the Battle of Berlin in April 1945. Units of the Soviet 3rd Shock Army fought their way down Alt-Moabit to capture the bridge (heading towards the Reichtag), but the bridge was partially blown up by the Germans. The Moltke Bridge only partially collapsed, allowing the Russians to pass and win the Battle of Berlin. Read More
Niderkirchnerstraße formally known as Prinz-Albrecht-Straße, was an important street for the Nazis. The street contained buildings that housed the headquarters of the Gestapo and SS. These buildings were mostly destroyed by Allied bombings and today a museum exists in its place. The museum aptly named Topography of Terror is meant to inform visitors about the how the Nazi regime came to power and the devastating consequences that followed.
The memorial for the Murdered Jews of Europe (also known as the Holocaust Memorial) is a large, outdoor memorial less than a minutes walk from the Brandenburg Gate. It consists of over 2700 concrete blocks with various heights that are arranged in a grid pattern and meant to give visitors an uneasy feeling when walking through them. This location is for the remembrance of the millions of Jews killed under the Nazi regime during World War II. Read More
The Soviet War Memorial is a World War II memorial and cemetery inside Treptower Park. Built to commemorate 5,000 of the estimated 80,000 Russian soldiers who died in the Battle of Berlin. It is a must see for anyone interested in German/Russian history. Read More