The Führerbunker (Leader’s Bunker) was an concrete air-raid bunker located in Berlin, Germany. The bunker was actually made up of two separate buildings, the first being the Vorbunker (forward bunker) which was constructed in 1936. The second part, the Führerbunker was built in 1944 and was designed to house Hitler during his visits to the city. The Führerbunker was built 2.5 m (8.2 ft) lower into the ground than the first bunker which provided additional safety to Hitler. These two independent shelters were connected to each other through underground passage ways and could be sealed off from each other if needed.
Hitler moved to the Führerbunker in early 1945 to command what remained of his armed forces. This decision would cement the Führerbunker’s place in history as the final command headquarters of the Nazi regime.
As the Red Army were closing in on Berlin, Hitler married his long time girlfriend Eva Braun and prepared his last will and testament. A few days later, Hitler and his new wife committed suicide in the bunker, were subsequently carried outside, doused in gasoline and set ablaze.
The bunker survived the war and while a few attempts were made at demolishing the bunker, it remained largely intact until the late 1980s. It was at this time that the bunker complex were excavated and mostly destroyed. Some parts of the bunker still exist, although they are completely sealed off and buried.
All that remains today of the Führerbunker is a solitary sign marking the significance of the location, which is now a parking lot for a residential area.
Address: In den Ministergärten 2, 10117, Berlin
How to get to the Führerbunker
- S1, S2, S25 (Brandenburger Tor – 6 minute walk
- S1, S2, S25 (Potsdamer Platz – 7 minute walk)
- U2 (Mohrenstraße – 4 minute walk)
- U2 (Potsdamer Platz – 7 minute walk)