This attraction is located outside the city of Berlin and is suitable as a day trip.
Sachsenhausen was a Nazi concentration camp located in Oranienburg, Germany. The camp opened its doors in 1936 and started imprisoning political prisoners of the Nazi government. While the camp was built only for this purpose, it would eventually hold others that were deemed inferior by the Nazi regime. This included criminals, communists, Jehovah’s Witnesses, homosexuals and Jews.Like other Nazi concentration camps, prisoners were subject to terrible living conditions and many died of starvation and disease. The camp was never intended to be an extermination camp although it later took on this role.
The Soviet Red Army reached the river Oder in February of 1945 and the order was soon given to prepare for evacuation of all able-bodied inmates. The evacuation began on April 21st, 1945 with over 30,000 inmates, marching north towards Wittstock. The prisoners were forcibly marched between 20-40 kilometers a day in cold, miserable conditions. The prisoners who survived the march were liberated by the end of April. The remaining inmates that were too weak to leave on the march numbered over 3,000 including over 1,350 women. They too were liberated in late April.
The buildings and grounds of the Sachsenhausen concentration camp are now open to the public as a museum.
The Sachsenhausen concentration camp covers a large area with many different exhibitions. Bring snacks and water with you and take breaks as you navigate through the camp. Visitors who want to read every sign and see every exhibit should plan to stay for 4-6 hours. If you’re interested in seeing some exhibits and skipping others, we recommend 3 hours.
Visitors can make use of the bistro outside the grounds for lunch or an afternoon snack. Alternately, visitors can walk or ride back into Oranienburg and eat at one of the restaurants there.
Get there & back
Take one of the following trains and exit at Oranienburg station:
- S1: (Direction Oranienburg)
- RE 5 – 25 minutes – This regional train leaves from Berlin Hauptbahnhof (Direction: Stralsund/Rostock).
- RB 12 – 25 minutes – This regional train leaves from Berlin-Lichtenberg station (Direction: Templin).
Then you can either walk (20 minutes) to the camp or take one of the following buses:
- Bus line 804 – (Direction Malz)
- Bus line 821 – (Direction: Tiergarten)
This museum grounds are open every day. Between March 15th and October 14th, the grounds are open between 8:30 am and 6pm. On October 15th, the hours shorten and gates close at 4:30 pm (instead of 6 pm). During the winter season, the museums are closed on Mondays.
- Cost: Free entry (Audio guides: 3,00 EUR)
- Address: Str. der Nationen 22, 16515 Oranienburg
- Toilets: Yes, free of charge
- Website: Memorial and Memorial Sachsenhausen
Sachsenhausen concentration camp is a very large place and includes a vast array of information about the history of the site. If you are interested in understanding as much information as possible, we highly recommend taking advantage of an individual or group tour of Sachsenhausen. Tours can give visitors additional insight about the concentration camp that they wouldn’t normally receive.